Department of engineering surveys and Geoecology
Since the Foundation of the Department of engineering surveys and Geoecology (until 2016, the Department was called "Engineering Geology and Geoecology") was headed by leading scientists in the field of engineering Geology:
Ivan Vasilievich Popov (1935-1946) - founder of the Department. In 1935-46, under the guidance of Prof. I. V. Popov, engineering Geology was established as a new discipline for construction specialties. In scientific terms, an important place is occupied by the development of the methodology of regional engineering-geological research in the field of engineering geodynamics and engineering hydrogeology. Under his leadership, the formation of engineering Geology as a new discipline for construction specialties is taking place. In scientific terms, the development of methodology for regional engineering and geological research, as well as research in the field of engineering geodynamics and engineering hydrogeology, occupies an important place. The works of Professor I. V. Popov, and to an even greater extent, the methodological foundations laid in them, are now becoming increasingly important. This is due to the active construction development of new regions on the vast territory of our country, with significantly different engineering and geological conditions. Regional engineering Geology, which arose precisely because of I. V. Popov, is becoming more relevant. To a large extent, the issues of engineering geodynamics - the issues of the origin and development of geological processes, including negative ones, especially under the influence of construction, which were dealt with by I. V. Popov, also become the object of close attention of engineer-geologists. Moreover, in modern conditions, the development of geological processes under the influence of geoecological factors, become the subject of numerous studies. In this regard, the school of Geoecology research established at the Department should receive a new impetus in its movement, focusing on the co-evolutionary development of Geoecology and engineering Geology.
In 1946-66, the Department was headed by N.Y. Denisov. Under his leadership, priority is given to soil studies aimed at studying the nature of soil strength, assessing and predicting the construction properties of loess, clay and sand soils. New progressive methods of research are being introduced into the practice of surveys - geophysical (radioisotope), scientific filming of soil tests by dynamic sounding. Professor Nikolay Yakovlevich Denisov (1946-1966) is one of the world's largest scientists in the field of soil science. his research aimed at studying the nature of soil strength, assessing and predicting the construction properties of loess, clay and sand soils has laid a serious Foundation for the modern study of soils in the foundations of structures. It is the "Denisov principle" that is now acquiring a new meaning when specialists evaluate the properties of re-deposited soils in engineering surveys. In the study of the formation of strength and density of soils in regularly created embankments, in alluvial soils, the followers of N.Y,.Denisov, such as Professor I. V. Dudler and his students, achieved serious scientific results. The soils of backfill, dumps, not to mention "landfill" and technogenic-contaminated soils, soils of the "cultural layer", cover soils, are still waiting for their researchers. This is especially important because in cities, new and reconstructed structures are designed within the existing development, on sites that have already been developed by construction.
In 1963-83, the Department was headed by professor L. D. Bely. Under his leadership, the Department performs current work related to the justification of the principles of seismic zoning of built-up and built-up areas, the methodology of complex soil research by field methods, as well as the development of methods of engineering and geological control in construction. Special mention should be made of Leonid Dmitrievich Bely, who was head of the Department from 1967 to 1983. We are celebrating the 75th anniversary of the Department and celebrating the 105th anniversary of the birth of Professor L. D. Bely. Under his leadership, research is being developed in the field of methodology of engineering and geological surveys for hydrotechnical, heat and nuclear power construction. The Department performs actual work related to the justification of the principles of seismic zoning of built-up and built-up areas, the methodology of complex soil research using field methods. Actually, now we can say with confidence that it was L. D. Bely who created the system of engineering surveys in our country. Now the attention to engineering research is extremely high, due to the development of high-rise construction, development of underground space of cities, construction of critical structures in seismically active regions. This implies, to a large extent, ensuring the high quality of design work and construction itself, in other words, it requires ensuring the safe functioning of the constructed objects . the main ideas of Professor L. D. Bely are now acquiring a new sound. One more thing should be noted, LD. During the great Patriotic war, as a major specialist in hydrogeology, Bely was entrusted with the management of the Moscow reserve water supply group created by the decision of the State Defense Committee, with the rank of engineer of the third rank. The work of this group was not fully completed, but the first major scientific developments were carried out by it
In 1984-98, the Department was headed by G. A. Paushkin. During this period, previously formed research areas continue to develop, and at the same time, new topical issues are being developed. Since the beginning of the 90's, the Department has been progressively developing its activities related to the implementation of engineering and geological surveys for the reconstruction of buildings and new construction in urban conditions. Professor Gleb paushkin headed the Department during a difficult time (1983-1998), and he had an extremely difficult task-during the reform of the higher school, during the changed economic and political structure of the country, to preserve the Department and the importance of teaching engineering Geology in the higher construction school. He did it to the full. Moreover, at this time, the Department began to pay more attention to environmental research, carried out studies and created methodological support for the discipline "Engineering Geology and environmental protection" for construction specialties, which then provided the formation and development of "Ecology" and "Geoecology". I would also like to note that Professor G. A. Paushkin was the Creator of essentially the first in the country, and probably in the world, educational engineering-geological film about landslides on the Volga banks. This is something that is now being actively developed on the new modern information technology and is becoming one of the main educational and methodological methods of training. With the active work of G. A. Paushkin, an advanced course in engineering Geology is created for students of the specialization "Foundations and foundations", including the organization of consultations on diploma design and participation in state certification.
From 1999 to 2014, the Department was headed by Professor A.D. Potapov. The Department has a laboratory “Geoecology and engineering surveys”. The Department prepares and publishes new textbooks and manuals for students, expands admission to graduate school. With the active participation of the Department, a new dissertation Council on the specialty "environmental Protection and rational use of natural resources" has started to operate in MGSU, which is still working on the scientific specialties 03.02.08 " Ecology (construction and housing)", 25.00.36 " geo-ecology (construction and housing)", 05.23.19 "Environmental safety of construction and urban management". Since the end of the last century, the Department has paid great attention to environmental issues, while actively developing research and production tasks in research for construction in cities, standard-setting work, and expertise.
Brief historical information about the geodesic direction of the Department: the Department of Engineering geodesy is one of the oldest departments of the University providing basic training for students of all specialties. Geodesy was taught at MSU (MISI) from the first day of its Foundation. The first teacher of geodesy was a talented engineer and skilled Methodist teacher Alexander Erminingeldovich Ilyin. He can be considered the "ancestor" of the faculty of the Department of Engineering geodesy of the MISI. V. V. Kuibyshev. From 1933 to 1942 the Department was headed by a famous surveyor, Professor Peter Iosifovich Shilov, author of the famous textbook "Geodesy".
From 1942 to 1965, the Department was headed by a Professor. from 1942 to 1965, the Department was headed by Professor Vvedensky Vasily Petrovich, who taught geodesy at the Department since 1921, i.e., since the Foundation of the Institute. In the same years, the Department laid the key principles of educational and methodical work by teachers Kolosov B. A., Livanov M. M. and others., who taught geodesy at the Department since 1921, i.e. since the Foundation of the Institute. In the same years, the Department laid the key principles of educational and methodical work by teachers Kolosov B. A., Livanov M. M. and others.
From January 1965 to December 1977, the Department was headed by an outstanding scientist, world-famous surveyor, Professor, doctor of technical Sciences, Peter Sergeevich Zakatov, a knight of two orders of the red banner of Labor. At this time, there was a formation of engineering geodesy as a special discipline that covers a wide range of issues of geodetic support for construction production. Under the leadership of P.S. Zakatov, with his participation, a team of authors for the first time prepared for printing and published a textbook "Engineering geodesy" for construction specialties of universities. Professor P. S. Zakatov's great merit was the opening of the post-graduate school and the creation of the Academic Council for the defense of master's theses (specialty 05.24.01-Geodesy.)
From 1978 to 1981, the head of the Department was Professor, doctor of technical Sciences Bagratuni Gegham Vahramovich, a participant in the great Patriotic War. Especially noteworthy is the work of Professor Bagratuni G. V. on training national teaching staff in our country and abroad. This work was evaluated with orders, medals, and certificates of honor from the Ministry of public education of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, the Mongolian people's Republic, and Higher technical schools in Leipzig and Weimar. From 1981 to 1982, the Department was headed by associate Professor, candidate of technical Sciences Danilevich Bronislavovich. In MISI B. B. Danilevich worked since 1953. a highly Qualified methodologist, IMC together with associate Professor candidate of technical Sciences Heifets B. S. was written and published "Workshop on engineering geodesy".
For over 16 years from September 1982 to March 1999 the Department was headed by Professor, doctor of technical Sciences Novak, Victor E., a prominent specialist in the field of engineering surveys, geodetic support of construction of a unique precision structures, monitoring and diagnostics of deformations, laureate of the State prize, Honored worker of science and technology academic of the Russian Federation. Edited By V. E. Novak and with his participation, the Course of engineering geodesy, Laboratory workshop on engineering geodesy, and other publications were published. Dealing with serious scientific problems, Novak V. E. he paid great attention to the research work of students. From 1999 to 2007, the Department was headed by Professor, candidate of technical Sciences Inna Sedelnikova, a student of P. S. Zakatova. I. A. Sedelnikova achieved the opening of the correspondence Department at the faculty of Urban construction and economy and the opening of the specialization "Inventory of buildings, structures and urban land"
Since 2007 until the merger with the Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Igor Rubtsov, Professor, candidate of technical Sciences, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Engineering, honorary employee of higher professional education of the Russian Federation, member of the innovation Council, was in charge of the Department. One of his first steps in this position was to equip the Department with classrooms and the latest geodetic equipment. A geodesic polygon is created on the territory of the MSU to conduct educational geodesic practice and research.The Department has opened new research areas, which provides an influx of new personnel-both University graduates and qualified, settled specialists. Igor Vladimirovich is also the scientific Director of the research and design and production laboratory "Design and Construction" (NIIPPL "PIK") of MGSU. Under his leadership, dozens of reconstruction and new construction projects have been developed in Moscow, the region, and other regions. He is the author of more than one hundred and fifty scientific and educational works, one of the initiators of the creation of a scientific direction for monitoring building structures in MGSU.