Study and Teaching
The Department of Engineering surveys and Geoecology provides basic training for students of all faculties of MGSU in the disciplines of geological, geodesic and environmental cycle in the profile of the vast majority of construction specialties and specializations. This creates the basis not only for further study by students of many special (profile) academic disciplines, but also for highly professional production work of MGSU graduates.
The Department conducts research in the following areas:
- Engineering geodynamics-study of conditions of occurrence, mechanism of development and possible studies of dangerous natural and man-made processes. This provides a solution to the problems of forecasting these processes and developing effective protective measures. The most significant results were achieved in the study of karst, suffosion, slope and permafrost (cryogenic) processes.
- Methods for assessing the risk of these processes are being developed.
- Another important area of research is the problem of formation of soil properties and their changes under the influence of natural and man-made factors (moisture, vibration, temperature fluctuations, etc.) and assessment of the impact of these changes on the state of buildings and structures interacting with these soil masses.
The Department is the only structural division of MGSU that deals with a complex of geoecological problems: from pollution of underground and surface waters, to issues of radiation safety of construction materials, methods for reducing the environmental hazard of contaminated effluents, including the creation of geochemical barriers, waste management and use.
Currently, the Department conducts the following main (basic) academic disciplines:
- Engineering Geology;
- Engineering Geology and hydrogeology;
- Fundamentals of Geology, Mineralogy and petrography;
- Life safety.
In addition, the Department conducts a number of special courses:
- Engineering Geoecology;
- Engineering protection from dangerous natural and technological processes;
- Engineering and geological surveys for construction;
- Environmental surveys.
Teachers of the Department conduct educational geological practice on the basis of the laboratory located at the MGSU landfill in Mytishchi, participate in the introductory practice of students of the faculty of GSS, give lectures on the course of introduction to the specialty and advise graduates of a number of faculties, actively participate in the work of external studies and distance learning. A significant contribution to all areas of activity of the Department was made by those who worked in different years under the leadership of the above-mentioned heads of the Department, prof., Dr. Maksimovich N. A., prof., Dr. Popov V. V., Rubleva T. G., Assoc. K. Mr. M. N. Terekhina, Professor, Lukashin A. G.,. Mosyakov E. F., Vorobkov L. N.,Zaitsev A. S., Lyapunova G. M., Slobodskaya E. K. and others.
Brief description of geodesic direction of the Department.
Geodesic direction of the Department conducts training in the disciplines of "Geodesy" and "Engineering geodesy" at full-time, part-time and correspondence departments. Merging the scientific potential of the laboratory with the methodological potential of the Department allows you to constantly improve the educational process, including new progressive elements. These elements are: participation of employees of the Department in the implementation of economic agreements on the subject of the Department; implementation of geodetic control over the construction of MGSU facilities in Mytishchi (PGS building) and Yaroslavl highway (track and field arena and wind tunnel); attracting talented young people from the research sector to the Department's activities.
- Development of a comprehensive system of continuous instrumental observations that ensures the reliability and operational safety of buildings and structures, including unique ones, through timely detection of destructive processes and analysis of their dynamic characteristics.
- Development of General principles of the methodology for building a system of continuous monitoring of buildings and structures and its implementation on objects of high responsibility.
- Development of manufacturing methods and testing of prototypes of sensor elements and information transmission media, conducting field measurements and preparing reports on the state of the construction objects under study.
- Theoretical and experimental justification of the content and characteristics of modern geoinformation technologies necessary for the implementation of engineering and geodetic surveys.
- Development of requirements for aerodynamic surveys and engineering and geodetic survey technologies based on the GLONASS space system in relation to monitoring of construction objects.
- Development of normative and methodological base for instrumental geodetic monitoring, support of construction of buildings and structures, including high-rise, long-span and potentially dangerous ones.
- Development of automated systems for monitoring planned high-altitude deformations of building structures of high-rise and long-span structures.
- Implementation of experimental design work on the development of technical means of geodetic support for high-rise construction. Research of measurement methods and tools for ensuring standard geometric parameters during construction and operation of structures.
- Analysis of regulatory documents and justification of necessary measurements to ensure quality control of construction and safe operation of buildings and structures.
- Research work on improving geodetic support in order to ensure the design geometry of buildings and structures.
- Executive surveys of the construction of buildings and structures (deviations from the design geometry), methods and devices for their implementation.
- Research and scientific and technical development of methods and tools for recording measurements of geometric parameters of buildings and structures, including cultural heritage objects with differential measurement methods.
- Development of conceptual foundations and basic regulatory requirements for a modern system for monitoring parameters of construction structures and structures.
- Development of methods for continuous geodetic monitoring and corresponding algorithms for information processing.
- Development of remote access systems for receiving data and managing the operation modes of monitoring systems. 05.26.02 OD.But.03 "systems of continuous monitoring of the state of a construction object (monitoring) as a means of preventing emergency situations"; 05.26.02 OD.A. 03 " Safety in emergency situations (in construction)"; 25.00.32 OD.A. 03 "Geodesy"; 05.23.08 OD.A. 03 " construction Technology and organization».